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A GIS-coupled hydrological model system for the watershed assessment of agricultural nonpoint and point sources of pollution

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This paper introduces AVSWAT, a GIS based hydrological system linking the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) water quality model and ArcView" Geographic Information System software. The main purpose of AVSWAT is the combined assess-ment of nonpoint and point pollution loading at the watershed scale. The GIS component of the system, in addition to the traditional functions of data acquisition, storage, organization and display, implements advanced analytical methods with enhanced flexibility to improve the hydrological characterization of a study watershed. Intuitive user friendly graphic interfaces, also part of the GIS component, have been developed to provide an efficient interaction with the model and the associated parameter databases, and ultimately to simplify water quality assessments, while maintaining and increasing their reliability. This is also supported by SWAT, the core of the system, a complex, conceptual, hydrologic, continuous model with spatially explicit parameterization, building upon the United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) modeling experience. A step-by-step example application for a watershed in Central Texas is also included to verify the capability and illustrate some of the characteristics of the system which has been adopted by many users around the world.
Di Luzio, Mauro , Srinivasan, Raghavan , Arnold, Jeffrey G.
Includes references
Transactions in GIS 2004 Jan., v. 8, issue 1
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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