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Extractives of seeds of the Meliaceae: effects on Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), Acalymma vittatum (F.), and Artemia salina Leach

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/22770
File:
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Abstract:
Hexane and ethanol extracts of seeds from 22 species of plants of the family Meliaceae from a number of countries were prepared. The extracts were submitted to antifeedant and toxicity bioassays utilizing fall armyworm [Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)] (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae and striped cucumber beetle [Acalymma vittatum (F.)] (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) adults. Toxicity tests were also performed with brine shrimp,Anemia salina Leach. Feeding inhibition and mortality produced by some of these extracts were comparable to and, in certain cases, slightly greater than the effects produced by comparable neem (Azadiracta indica A. Juss.) seed preparations. Brine shrimp toxicity data do not extrapolate to insect activity, and vice versa.
Author(s):
Mikolajczak, K.L. , Reed, D.K.
Note:
Includes references.
Source:
Journal of chemical ecology Jan 1987. v. 13 (1)
Language:
English
Year:
1987
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.