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An evaluation of total solar reflectance and spectral band ratioing techniques for estimating soil water content

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/54855
File:
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Abstract:
For several days in March of 1975, reflected solar radiation measurements were obtained from smooth and rough surfaces of wet, drying, and continually dry Avondale loam at Phoenix, Arizona, with pyranometers located 50 cm above the ground surface and a multispectral scanner flown at a 300-m height. The simple summation of the different band radiances measured by the multispectral scanner proved equally as good as the pyranometer data for estimating surface soil water content if the multispectral scanner data were standardized with respect to the intensity of incoming solar radiation or the reflected radiance from a reference surface, such as the continually dry soil. Without this means of standardization, multispectral scanner data are most useful in a spectral band ratioing context. Our results indicated that, for the bands used, no significant information on soil water content could be obtained by band ratioing. Thus the variability in soil water content should insignificantly affect soil-type discrimination based on identification of type-specific spectral signatures. Therefore remote sensing, conducted in the 0.4- to 1.0-μm wavelength region of the solar spectrum, would seem to be much more suited to identifying crop and soil types than to estimating of soil water content.
Author(s):
Reginato, R.J. , Vedder, J.F. , Idso, S.B. , Jackson, R.D. , Blanchard, M.B. , Goettelman, R.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Atmospheres : 1977 May 20, v. 82, no. 15
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Year:
1977
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.