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Prevalence of antibodies to Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii in horses from the north of Portugal

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/56761
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Abstract:
Background: Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii are protozoa with zoonotic and economic importance. Prevalences of antibodies to these agents were assessed in 173 horses from the north of Portugal. Findings: Antibodies to L. infantum were detected by the direct agglutination test (DAT); seven (4.0%) horses were seropositive with DAT titres of 200 (n = 5), 800 (n = 1) and ≥ 1600 (n = 1). Antibodies to T. gondii were assayed by the modified agglutination test (MAT); 23 (13.3%) horses were seropositive with MAT titres of 20 (n = 13), 40 (n = 5), 80 (n = 3) and ≥ 160 (n = 2). No statistical differences were found among equine categories of gender (female, male and gelding), age (1.5–6, 7–12 and 13–30 years), type of housing (indoors and mixed/outdoors), ability (recreation, farming and sports) and clinical status (apparently healthy and sick) for both agents. Conclusions: Horses are exposed to and may be infected with L. infantum and T. gondii in the north of Portugal.
Author(s):
Ana Patrícia Lopes , Susana Sousa , J. P. Dubey , Ana J. Ribeiro , Ricardo Silvestre , Mário Cotovio , Henk D. F. H. Schallig , Luís Cardoso , Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva
Note:
USDA Scientist Submission
Source:
Parasites & vectors 2013 v.6 no.178
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag
Year:
2013
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.