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Evaluating Brassica species as an alternative control measure for root-knot nematode (M. incognita) in Georgia vegetable plasticulture

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Multiple Brassica species commonly grown in Georgia were evaluated as a potential alternative to methyl bromide for management of root-knot nematode in vegetables. Brassica species produce general biocides called glucosinolates and were grown as cover crops and incorporated as green manures prior to transplanting of vegetable crop. Nematicidal activity of the Brassica species was based on net changes in nematode population and root damage caused by root-knot infection and feeding. Plant growth and crop yield was also evaluated to determine the response of the subsequent vegetable crop to the incorporated Brassica species. Incorporation of select Brassica species reduced root-knot populations and root damage caused by root-knot infection comparable to non-Brassica species cover crops with metam sodium in most years; however, the level and consistency of the nematicidal activity varied between and within Brassica species. Variations in plant growth and yield were also observed among and with Brassica and non-Brassica species. Generally, increased growth and yield corresponded with cover crop treatments that had the lowest levels of root-knot nematode populations at planting of the subsequent crop. Several cover crop treatments had a negative affect on the growth and yield potential of the vegetable crops. Therefore, a producer will need to choose a Brassica species cover crop that can significantly reduce nematode populations without adversely affecting the growth/yield of the subsequent vegetable crop.
Monfort, W.S. , Csinos, A.S. , Desaeger, J. , Seebold, K. , Webster, T.M. , Diaz-Perez, J.C.
Includes references
Crop protection 2007 Sept., v. 26, issue 9
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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