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Evaluation of birth and weaning traits of Romosinuano calves as purebreds and crosses with Brahman and Angus

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/9417
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Abstract:
The objectives of this work were to evaluate birth and weaning traits, to estimate genetic effects, including heterosis and direct and maternal breed effects, and to evaluate calving difficulty, calf vigor at birth, and calf mortality of Romosinuano as purebreds and as crosses with Brahman and Angus. Calves (n = 1,348) were spring-born from 2002 through 2005 and weaned in the fall of each year at about 7 mo of age. Traits evaluated included birth and weaning weight, ADG, BCS, and weaning hip height. Models used to analyze these traits included the fixed effects of year, sire and dam breeds, management unit, calf sex, cow age, and source of Angus sire (within or outside of the research herd). Calf age in days was investigated as a covariate for weaning traits. Sire within sire breed and dam within dam breed were random effects. Estimates of Romosinuano-Brahman and Romosinuano-Angus heterosis (P < 0.05) were 2.6 ± 0.3 (8.6%) and 1.4 ± 0.3 kg (4.7%) for birth weight, 20.5 ± 1.5 (9.5%) and 14.6 ± 1.4 kg (7.4%) for weaning weight, 79.2 ± 6.1 (9.8%) and 55.1 ± 6.0 g (7.5%) for ADG, 0.16 ± 0.03 (2.7%) and 0.07 ± 0.03 (1.2%) for BCS, and 2.77 ± 0.32 cm (2.4%) and 1.87 ± 0.32 cm (1.7%) for hip height. Heterosis for Brahman-Angus was greater (P < 0.05) than all Romosinuano estimates except those for Romosinuano-Brahman and Romosinuano-Angus BCS. Romosinuano direct effects were negative and lowest of the breeds, except for the Angus estimate for hip height. Romosinuano maternal effects were the largest of the 3 breeds for birth weight and hip height but intermediate to the other breeds for weaning weight and ADG. A large proportion of Brahman-sired calves from Angus dams (0.09 ± 0.03; n = 11) was born in difficult births and died before 4 d of age. Brahman and Angus purebreds and Romosinuano-sired calves from Brahman dams also had large proportions of calves that died before weaning (0.09 or greater). Results indicated that Romosinuano may be used as a source of adaptation to subtropical environments and still incorporate substantial crossbred advantage for weaning traits, although not to the extent of crosses of Brahman and Angus.
Author(s):
Riley, D.G. , Chase, C.C. Jr. , Coleman, S.W. , Olson, T.A.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of animal science 2007 Feb., v. 85, no. 2
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Society of Animal Science
Year:
2007
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.